How Does Electrified Switchable / Privacy Smart Glass Work?
This technology will switch the smart glass/film from transparent state to an opaque translucent state with the simple flip of a wall switch, tap of an APP, click of a remote controller, or any smart home control system. The technology makes available a dynamic space that can be both private and open at the same time.
Uses of switchable privacy glass include:
• Residential – bathroom / shower enclosures, partitions
• Commercial – conference rooms, office doors/partitions, reception
• Retail – changing rooms, projection displays
• Healthcare: ICU Doors, Nurseries, ERs, ORs, clinic partitions
• Hospitality – bathroom /shower enclosures, partitions
• Banking – ballistic teller lines, transaction windows, safe deposit rooms
When the power is off the liquid crystal molecules are randomly oriented and will scatter incidental light. This renders the Switchable Privacy Glass panel opaque.
When an electric current is applied, the liquid crystal molecules line up, the incidental light passes through, and the privacy glass becomes clear.
Privacy Glass is a laminated glass. The laminated material within is Liquid Crystal Privacy Film, which responds to an electrical current.
When electricity is applied to the film via the wiring, the liquid crystals align and the glass instantly becomes clear. When the power is turned off, the liquid crystals return to their normal scattered positions rendering the glass an opaque translucent.
PDLC (Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal) is a medium whose light scattering power is adjustable through applying an electric field. In their natural (uncharged) state, the PDLC droplets randomly align.
PDLC Film consists of a polymer matrix of liquid crystals enclosed by electrically conductive Indium Tin Oxide-coated PET film. The resulting PDLC Film has wiring attached to a conductive copper strip (busbar) along the film’s edge. In a low voltage platform, this wiring is connected to a step-down transformer through which power is supplied for the “on” (clear) state. In their natural (uncharged) state, the PDLC droplets randomly align, thus creating the an opaque translucent condition.
Two sheets of glass are laminated over the PDLC film. The components are assembled under high pressure and temperature to form a single unit.
The ordinary refractive index of these liquid crystals does not match that of the polymer, and the incident light is thus scattered, resulting in a translucent state. When an electric field is applied across the material, the PDLC droplets re-orient, and subsequently the extraordinary refractive index of the liquid crystal matches that of the polymer. Therefore, the incident light can pass through, resulting in a transparent state.